Gishwati forest is located in North-west part of Rwanda, in the Albertine Rift region, the forest constituted the relic of the ombrophyllous mountain forests. Beside different threats that the forest is facing, Gishwati remains among the richest forest in terms of biodiversity.
A total of 58 different species of trees and shrubs were recorded in Gishwati forest and 34% of the total numbers of tree species are exotic species. The fauna include four types of primates and these are Chimpanzees (Pan trogrodytes schwenifurthi), Mountain monkeys (Cercopitecus l’hoesti), Golden Monkeys (Cercopitecus mitis kandti) and Blue Monkeys (Cercopitecus mitis doggetti).
Over 100 species of birds were recorded in Gishwati forest. Among them 15 species are endemic to the Albertine Rift and amongthem are Ruwenzori Batis, Ruwenzori Turaco, Purple-breasted Sunbird, Regal Sunbird, Red-throated Alethe, Strange Weaver, Stripe-breasted Tit and two vulnerable IUCN listed species Martial Eagle and Grey Crowned Crane. Kazeneza falls offers a relaxing point after a birding and a natural work inside the forest.